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Ethiopian coffees are processed either natural or washed: two different processes that create very different flavor profiles. Washed coffees have a floral, tea-like delicacy to them, while natural coffees tend to be heavy, fruity, and wine-like. Washed coffees can often express lemongrass or jasmine characteristics, and they are much lighter and drier on the palate. A naturally processed Ethiopian coffee has more of a syrupy body, along with a strong sweet berry flavor. Ethiopia is in a category of its own because of its great biodiversity and the many varieties of coffee grown there.
Coffees from Indonesia have dark and deep flavors, with almost an earthiness to them. These coffees often have heavy, musty notes with a long lasting finish that feels like unsweetened or dark cocoa. One coffee from this region that is familiar to many would be Sumatran coffee which takes a well to dark roasting. Sumatra produces Mandheling and Ankola, which are two of the world’s most famous and high quality coffees. There are usually smokey or toasted flavors with a lot of complexity present in a cup of Sumatran coffee.
When we think of Central America, many of us might think of Guatemala and Costa Rica. This region as a whole is one of the largest contributors to the global coffee supply. Central America often produces bright and clean coffees, whereas the flavors produced in Guatemala, Mexico and Nicaragua are somewhat less sweet than those from South America. Other flavors commonly found in these coffees range from fruit to nuts; these fruity flavors often work well with cocoa and spice flavors.
Colombian coffee is often thought of when talking about South American coffees, which makes perfect sense when thinking about how they rank among the top three coffee producing countries in the world. Their coffee also has the most recognizable flavor for most North Americans, which is why the flavor reminds some people of a classic coffee. They tend to stick with wet (washed) processing: this produces a mellow acidity and clean cup. Common flavors found in South African coffee include nuts, chocolate and caramel tones.